Reporting from the Field: The Narrative Reconstruction of Experience in Pick-up Artist Online Communities

Daria Dayter 1  and Sofia Rüdiger 2
  • 1 University of Basel
  • 2 University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany

Abstract

This study focuses on the reconstruction of experience in the online environment of the Pick-up Artist (PUA) community forums and aims to uncover yet another facet of personal narrative, namely the role and performance of framing in the reporting of events. Discursive psychologists have often pointed out that a narrative is not a precise reflection of reality but a device that itself shapes the social world because reality always under-determines the verbal representation of events. In this study, we show how the verbalisation of narrative guides the reader towards the intended understanding by establishing the shared knowledge schema in the community of practice. Utilising data from a specific genre in the PUA forums, the “field reports” (i.e. narrative reconstructions of encounters between the PUAs and women), we describe three pertinent layers of frames, how they are evoked linguistically and how they interact with each other. Our investigation of the hierarchical framing of the interaction as [pua training], [personal narrative] and [success report] shows that they are based on group-specific knowledge schemas but, at the same time, draw on conventionalised narrative structures.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Aijmer, Karin. 2002. English discourse particles: Evidence from a corpus. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

  • Anthony, Lawrence. 2014. AntConc (Version 3.4.3) [Computer Software]. Tokyo, Japan: Waseda University. Available from http://www.laurenceanthony.net/

  • Arendholz, Jenny. 2010. Neeed to put this out there (My Story) – Narratives in message boards. In Christian Hoffmann (ed.), Narrative revisited. Telling a story in the age of new media, 109-142. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

  • Bartlett, Frederic. 1932. Remembering: A study in experimental and social psychology. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

  • BBC News. “Julien Blanc: UK denies visa to ‘pick-up artist’”. http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-30119100 (accessed 30 March 2016).

  • Bednarek, Monika. 2005. Frames revised - the coherence-inducing function of frames. Journal of Pragmatics 37. 685-705.

  • Berlin, Brent & Paul Kay. 1969. Basic colour terms: Their universality and evolution. Berkeley: University of California Press.

  • Brown, Gillian and George Yule. 1983. Discourse analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

  • Chafe, Wallace. 1977. The recall and verbalization of past experience. In R.W. Cole (ed.), Current issues in linguistic theory, 215-246. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

  • Channell, Joanna. 1994. Vague language. Oxford: Oxford UP.

  • Dayter, Daria & Sofia Rüdiger. 2014. Speak your mind, but watch your mouth: Complaints in Couchsurfing references. In Kristina Bedijs, Gudrun Held and Christiane Maaß (eds.), Face work and social media, 193-212. Berlin: LIT.

  • Eckert, Penelope & Sally McConnell-Ginet. 1992. Language and gender as community-based practice. Annual Review of Anthropology 21. 461-490.

  • Fillmore, Charles. 1975. An alternative to checklist theories of meaning. In Proceeding of the first annual meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, Institute of Human Learning, 123-131. Berkeley: University of California.

  • Georgakopoulou, Alexandra. 2007. Small stories, interaction and identities. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

  • Goffman, Erving. 1974. Frame analysis – An essay on the organization of experience. New York: Harper & Row.

  • Graham, Sage Lambert, 2007. Conflict, (im)politeness and identity in a computer-mediated community. Journal of Pragmatics 39. 742-759.

  • Günthner, Susanne. 2000. Vorwurfsaktivitäten in der Alltagskommunikation. Tübingen: Niemeyer.

  • Hambling-Jones, Oliver & Andrew John Merrison. 2012. Inequity in the pursuit of intimacy: An analysis of British pick-up artist interactions. Journal of Pragmatics 44(9). 1115-1127.

  • Hoffmann, Christian (ed.). 2010. Narrative revisited. Telling a story in the age of new media. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

  • Holleman, Bregje C. & Henk L. W. Pander Maat. 2009. The pragmatics of profiling: Framing effects in text interpretation and text production. Journal of Pragmatics 41. 2204-2221.

  • Hössjer, Amelie. 2013. Small talk, politeness, and email communication in the workplace. In Susan Herring, Dieter Stein & Tuija Virtanen (eds.), Pragmatics of computer-mediated communication, 613-638. Berlin: De Gruyter.

  • Hymes, Dell. 1974. Ways of speaking. In Richard Bauman & Joel Scherzer (eds.), Explorations in the ethnography of speaking, 433-451. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

  • IMDb - The Pickup Artist. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1083958/ (accessed 4 August 2016).

  • Jefferson, Gail. 1978. Sequential aspects of storytelling in conversation. In Jim Schenkein (ed.), Studies in the organisation of conversational interaction, 219-248. New York: Academic Press.

  • Kamoen, Naomi, Maria B.J. Mos & Willem F.S. Dekker (Robbin). 2015. A hotel that is not bad isn’t good. The effects of valence framing and expectation in online reviews on text, reviewer and product appreciation. Journal of Pragmatics 75. 28-43.

  • Kuypers, Jim. 2009. Framing analysis. In Jim Kuypers (ed.), Rhetorical criticism: Perspectives in action, 181-204. Plymouth: Lexington Press.

  • Labov, William & Joshua Waletzky. 1967. Narrative analysis. Oral versions of personal experience. In June Helm (ed.), Essays on the verbal and visual arts. Proceedings of the 1966 annual spring meeting, 12-44. Seattle: University of Washington Press.

  • Labov, William. 1977. Language in the Inner City: Studies in the Black Vernacular English. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

  • Leech, Geoffrey. 1971. Meaning and the English verb. London: Longman.

  • Levin, Irwin P., Sandra L. Schneider & Gary J. Gaeth. 1998. All frames are not created equal: A typology and critical analysis of framing effects. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 76 (2). 149–188.

  • McKenzie, Craig & Jonathan Nelson. 2003. What a speaker’s choice of frame reveals: reference points, frame selection, and framing effects. Psychological Bulletin Review 10(3). 596-602.

  • Palmer, Frank. 1965. A linguistic study of the English verb. London: Longman.

  • Perelmutter, Renee. 2013. The flamewar as a genre in Russian blogosphere. Journal of Pragmatics 45. 74-89.

  • Ross, Robert. 1975. Ellipsis and the structure of expectation. San Jose State Occasional Papers in Linguistics 1. 183-191.

  • Rüdiger, Sofia & Daria Dayter. forthcoming. The ethics of researching unlikeable subjects: Language in an online community. Applied Linguistics Review.

  • Rumelhart, David. 1975. Notes on a schema for stories. In Daniel Bobrow & Allan Collins (eds.), Representation and understanding, 211-236. New York: Academic Press.

  • Schank, Roger & Robert Abelson. 1977. Scripts, plans, goals and understanding. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum.

  • Schegloff, Emmanuel. 1992. In another context. In Alessandro Duranti & Charles Goodwin (eds.), Rethinking context, 191-227. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

  • Schiffrin, Deborah. 1981. Tense variation in narrative. Linguistic Society of America 57(1). 45-62.

  • Sidnell, Jack. 2010. Conversation analysis: An introduction. Malden: Wiley-Blackwell.

  • Tannen, Deborah. 1978. The effect of expectations on conversation. Discourse Processes 1(2). 203-209.

  • Tannen, Deborah. 1993. What’s in a frame? Surface evidence for underlying expectations. In Deborah Tannen (ed.), Framing in discourse, 14-56. Oxford: Oxford UP.

  • Taylor, Richard. 1951. The problem of future contingencies. Philosophical Review 66(1). 1-28.

  • The Game – Neil Strauss. https://www.neilstrauss.com/books/the-game/ (accessed 4 August 2016).

  • Ungerer, Friedrich & Hans-Jörg Schmid. 1996. An introduction to cognitive linguistics. London: Longman.

  • Virtanen, Tuija. 1992. Temporal adverbials in text structuring: On temporal text strategy. Nordic Research on Text and Discourse. NORDTEXT Symposium (Espoo, Finland, May 10-13, 1990). http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED359761.pdf (accessed 29 March 2016).

OPEN ACCESS

Journal + Issues

Open Linguistics is a new academic peer-reviewed journal covering all areas of linguistics. The objective of this journal is to foster free exchange of ideas and provide an appropriate platform for presenting, discussing and disseminating new concepts, current trends, theoretical developments and research findings related to a broad spectrum of topics: descriptive linguistics, theoretical linguistics and applied linguistics.

Search