The structural-systematic philosophy requires a moral theory. This essay seeks to determine whether either of two recent works, Joshua Greene’s Moral Tribes and Michael Tomasello’s A Natural History of Human Morality, should influence that theory. It first argues that Greene’s fails to make its case for utilitarianism over deontology. It then argues that Tomasello’s thesis that early humans developed moralities of sympathy and fairness, particularly when taken in conjunction with aspects of Alan Gewirth’s moral theory, fits well with the moral theory envisaged by extant works on the structural-systematic philosophy. The envisaged theory maintains the objectivity of human rights.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Beyleveld, Deryck. The Dialectical Necessity of Morality. An Analysis and Defense of Alan Gewirth’s Argument to the Principle of Generic Consistency. Chicago: U. of Chicago Press, 1992.
Bond, E. J., and Alan Gewirth. “Symposium on Reason and Morality.” Metaphilosophy 11:1. January 1980, 36–75.
Boylan, Michael (ed.), Gewirth: Critical Essays on Action, Rationality, and Community. Lantham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 1999.
Gewirth, Alan. Reason and Morality. U. of Chicago Press, 1978.
Gewirth, Alan. “Rights and Virtues.” Review of Metaphysics, 38:4, 739–62.
Greene, Joshua. Moral Tribes. Penguin, 2013.
Kovach, Francis J. The Philosophy of Beauty. U. of Oklahoma Press, 1974.
MacIntyre, Alasdair. After Virtue. U. of Notre Dame Press, 1981.
Pinker, Steven. The Better Angels of our Nature. Penguin, 2011.
Puntel, Lorenz B. Being and God. Translated by and in collaboration with Alan White. Northwestern UP, 2011. German: Sein und Gott. Mohr-Siebeck, 2010.
Puntel, Lorenz B. Structure and Being. Translated by and in collaboration with Alan White. Penn State Press, 2008. German: Struktur und Sein. Mohr-Siebeck, 2006.
Spence, Edward H. Ehics Within Reason. A Neo-Gewirthian Approach. Lexington Books, 2006.
Steigleder, Klaus. Die Begründung des moralischen Sollens. Studien zur Möglichkeit einer normativen Ethik. Tübingen: Attempto-Verlag, 1992.
Tomasello, Michael. A Natural History of Human Morality. Harvard U. P., 2016.
Tomasello, Michael. A Natural History of Human Thinking. Harvard U. P., 2014.
Tomasello, Michael. Origins of Human Communication. MIT Press, 2010.
Vaish, Amrisha, Malinda Carpertner, and Michael Tomasello. “The Early Emergence of Guilt-Motivated Prosocial Behavior.” Child Development, November/December 2016, 87:6, 1772–1782.
Walters, Gregory J. “MacIntyre or Gewirth? Virtue, Rights, and the Problem of Moral Indeterminacy.” In Sweet, William (ed.), Philosophical Theory and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Ottawa: U. of Ottawa Press, 2003.
White, Alan. “Rearticulating Being.” Review of Metaphysics, 69:1, 3–24.
White, Alan. Toward a Philosophical Theory of Everything. Bloomsbury, 2014.