The Theology Without Walls (TWW) project attempts to interpret spiritual experiences without
subjecting them to a priori criteria from religious traditions, but TWW does not substitute universalized
secular criteria for religious criteria. Some have promoted “multiple religious belonging” as a prism
through which to interpret the experiences of people participating in more than one spiritual path. Yet
the concept of multiple religious belonging still presumes a framework in which communal traditions
coordinate one’s spiritual experiences. For TWW, however, belonging does not have to be religious or
interreligious or multireligious. The manner in which practitioners thematize, or refuse to thematize, their
journeys is not a prerequisite for participation in TWW. Is TWW then a sect of the disaffiliated that rejects
communal encounters and traditions? How does TWW operate in practice? Raimon Panikkar’s writings on
the Trinity demonstrate how a theologian/practitioner well versed in two traditions responds to what he
calls “the cosmotheandric experience” by articulating how trinitarian presence is not primarily a doctrine
but contrasting facets of reality to which Christianity and Hinduism bear witness. Panikkar’s work is a
model of how scholars working with TWW can engage with traditions and simultaneously remain attentive
to the particularities of everyday reality.
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