Glossary of terms related to solubility (IUPAC Recommendations 2008)

Heinz Gamsjäger 1 , John W. Lorimer 2 , Pirketta Scharlin 3  and David G. Shaw 4
  • 1 Lehrstuhl für Physikalische Chemie, Montanuniversität Leoben, Franz-Josef-Strasse 18, A-8700 Leoben, Austria
  • 2 Department of Chemistry, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6A 5B7, Canada
  • 3 Department of Chemistry, University of Turku, FIN-20014, Turku, Finland
  • 4 Institute of Marine Science, University of Alaska at Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775-7220, USA

Phenomena related to the solubility of solids, liquids, and gases with one another are of interest to scientists and technologists in an array of disciplines. The diversity of backgrounds of individuals concerned with solubility creates a potential for confusion and miscommunication and heightens the need for an authoritative glossary of terms related to solubility. This glossary defines 166 terms used to describe solubility and related phenomena. The definitions are consistent with one another and with recommendations of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry for terminology and nomenclature.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • 1.

    IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"), compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson, Blackwell Science, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: <http://goldbook.iupac.org> (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins.

  • 2.

    IUPAC Physical Chemistry Division. Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry, 3rd ed. (the "Green Book"), prepared for publication by E. R. Cohen, T. Cvitas, J. G. Frey, B.Holmstrom, K. Kuchitsu, R. Marquardt, I. Mills, F. Pavese, M. Quack, J. Stohner, H. L. Strauss, M. Takami, A. J. Thor, RSC Publications, Cambridge (2007).

  • 3.

    H. L. Clever, R. Battino. "Solubility of gases in liquids", in The Experimental Determination of Solubilities, G. T. Hefter, R. P. T. Tomkins (Eds.), p. 104, John Wiley, Chichester (2003).

  • 4.

    , T. Cvitas. Metrologia 33, 35 (1996).

  • 5.

    , J. W. Lorimer. "Quantities, units and conversions", in The Experimental Determination of Solubilities, G. T. Hefter, R. P. T. Tomkins (Eds.), pp. 1-15, John Wiley, Chichester (2003).

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • 6.

    , A. Bolz, U. K. Deiters, C. J. Peters, T. W. de Loos. Pure Appl. Chem. 70, 2233 (1998).

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • 7.

    E. L. Lewis. IEEE J. Ocean. Eng. OE-5, 3 (1980).

  • 8.

    UNESCO. The International System of Units in Oceanography. Technical Papers in Marine Science 45 (1985); <www//unesdoc.unesco.org>.

  • 9.

    , E. C. W. Clarke, D. N. Glew. Trans. Faraday Soc. 62, 539 (1966).

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • 10.

    R. F. Weiss. Deep-Sea Res. Oceanogr. Abs. 721 (1970).

  • 11.

    J. S. Rowlinson, F. L. Swinton. Liquids and Liquid Mixtures, 3rd ed., Sects. 4.9, 6.2, Butterworth Scientific, London (1982).

  • 12.

    , J. B. Clark, J. W. Hastie, L. H. E. Kihlborg, R. Metselaar, M. M. Thackeray. Pure Appl. Chem. 66, 577 (1994).

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • 13.

    M. L. McGlashan. Chemical Thermodynamics, pp. 35-36, 181-182, 261, Academic Press, New York (1979).

  • 14.

    I. Prigogine, R. Defay (transl. D. H. Everett). Chemical Thermodynamics, pp. 71, 278, 373, Longmans, Green, London (1954).

  • 15.

    T. B. Massalski, H. Okamoto, P. R. Subramanian, L. Kaprczak (Eds.). ASM International (corporate author). Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, 2nd ed., ASM International (1990).

  • 16.

    A. Prince. Alloy Phase Equilibria, pp. 43, 100, 109, Elsevier, Amsterdam (1966).

  • 17. (a)

    N. S. Kurnakov, S. F. Zhemchuzhnii. Zh. Russ. Fiz.-Khim. O-va, Chast Khim. 51, 1 (1920);

  • 17. (b)

    , N. S. Kurnakov, S. F. Zhemchuzhnii. Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 140, 149 (1924).

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • 18.

    R. A. Robinson, R. A. Stokes. Electrolyte Solutions, 2nd ed., pp. 31-32, Butterworths, London (1959).

  • 19.

    T. L. Hill. Statistical Mechanics, Chap. 7, McGraw-Hill, New York (1956).

  • 20.

    , E. Janecke. Z. Anorg. Chem. 51, 132 (1906).

  • 21.

    , S. Wagner, P. A. Rigney. Met. Trans. 5, 2155 (1974).

  • 22.

    D. Shaw, A. Skrzecz, J. W. Lorimer, A. Maczynski (Eds.). IUPAC Solubility Data Series, Vol. 56, Alcohols with Hydrocarbons, Oxford University Press (1994).

  • 23.

    , R. Battino. Fluid Phase Equilibr. 15, 231 (1984).

  • 24.

    , R. G. Jones, J. Aleman, A. V. Chadwick, J. He, M. Hess, K. Horie, P. Kratochvil, I. Meisel, I.Mita, G. Moad, S. Penczek, R. F. T. Stepto. Pure Appl. Chem. 79, 1801 (2007).

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • 25.

    , F. Rajabalee, V. Metiraud, D. Mondieig, Y. Haget, H. A. J. Oonk. Helv. Chim. Acta 82, 1916 (1999).

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • 26.

    J. G. Kirkwood, I. Oppenheim. Chemical Thermodynamics, Sects. 9-1, 10-1, McGraw-Hill, New York (1961).

  • 27.

    A. Findlay, A. N. Campbell. The Phase Rule and its Applications, pp. 221-222, Dover Publications, New York (1945).

  • 28.

    J. Setschenow. Z. Phys. Chem., Stoechiom. Verwandtschaftsl. 8, 657 (1891).

  • 29.

    A. Sieverts. Z. Elektrochem. Angew. Phys. Chem. 16, 707 (1910).

  • 30.

    W. Feitknecht, P. Schindler. Pure Appl. Chem. 1, 130 (1963). Sect. 2.2.

  • 31.

    L. G. Sillen, A. E. Martell. Stability Constants of Metal-Ion Complexes, Special Publication No. 17, pp. xiii, xiv, The Chemical Society, London (1964).

  • 32.

    L. G. Sillen, A. E. Martell. Stability Constants of Metal-Ion Complexes, Supplement No. 1, Special Publication No. 25, p. xvi, The Chemical Society, London (1971).

  • 33.

    E. Hogfeldt. Stability Constants of Metal-Ion Complexes, Part A: Inorganic Ligands, IUPAC Chemical Data Series, No. 21, p. xii, Pergamon Press, Oxford (1982).

  • 34.

    IUPAC. Compendium of Analytical Nomenclature. Definitive Rules 1997, 3rd ed. (the "Orange Book"), prepared for publication by J. Inczedy, T. Lengyel, A. M. Ure, Blackwell Science, Oxford (1997). On-line ed.: <http://www.iupac.org/publications/analytical compendium>. Chap. 3, Sect. 3.2.5.

  • 35.

    J. H. Hildebrand, R. L. Scott. The Solubility of Nonelectrolytes, 3rd ed., Reinhold Publishing (1950), Dover Publications (1964), Chap. VII, p. 129, Chap. XXIII.

  • 36.

    R. D. Freeman. Bull. Chem. Thermodyn. 27, 523 (1982).

  • 37.

    , R. D. Freeman. J. Chem. Eng. Data 29, 105 (1984).

  • 38.

    R. D. Freeman. J. Chem. Educ. 62, 681 (1985).

  • 39.

    R. Haase, H. Schonert (transl. E. S. Halberstadt). Solid-Liquid Equilibrium, Chap. 5, Pergamon Press, Oxford (1969).

  • 40.

    F. A. H. Schreinemakers. Z. Phys. Chem. 11, 75 (1893).

  • 41. (a)

    , J. W. Lorimer. Can. J. Chem. 59, 3076 (1981);

  • 41. (b)

    , J. W. Lorimer. Can. J. Chem. 60, 1978 (1982).

FREE ACCESS

Journal + Issues

Pure and Applied Chemistry is the official monthly Journal of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC), with responsibility for publishing works arising from those international scientific events and projects that are sponsored and undertaken by the Union.

Search