The IUPAC-NIST Solubility Data Series: A guide to preparation and use of compilations and evaluations (IUPAC Technical Report)

Heinz Gamsjäger 1 , John W. Lorimer 2 , Mark Salomon 3 , David G. Shaw 4 ,  und Reginald P. T. Tomkins 5
  • 1 Lehrstuhl für Physikalische Chemie, Montanuniversität Leoben, Franz-Josef-Straße 18, A-8700 Leoben, Austria
  • 2 Department of Chemistry, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6A 5B7, Canada
  • 3 2 Eastborne Drive, Little Silver, NJ 07739, USA
  • 4 Institute of Marine Science, University of Alaska at Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775-7220, USA
  • 5 Department of Chemical Engineering, New Jersey Institute of Technology, University Heights, Newark, NJ 07102, USA

The IUPAC-NIST Solubility Data Series (SDS) is an ongoing project that provides comprehensive reviews of published data for solubilities of gases, liquids, and solids in liquids or solids. Data are compiled in a uniform format, evaluated, and, where data from independent sources agree sufficiently, recommended values are proposed. This paper is a guide to the SDS and is intended for the benefit of both those who use the SDS as a source of critically evaluated solubility data and who prepare compilations and evaluations for future volumes. A major portion of this paper presents terminology and nomenclature currently recommended by IUPAC and other international bodies and relates these to obsolete forms that appear in the older solubility literature. In addition, this paper presents a detailed guide to the criteria and procedures used in data compilation, evaluation, and presentation and considers special features of solubility in gas + liquid, liquid + liquid, and solid + liquid systems. In the past, much of this information was included in introductory sections of individual volumes of the SDS. However, to eliminate repetitive publication, this information has been collected, updated, and expanded for separate publication here.

Falls das inline PDF nicht korrekt dargestellt ist, können Sie das PDF hier herunterladen.

  • 1

    J. W. Lorimer. Chem. Int. 18 (2), 47 (1996).

  • 2

    H. L. Clever. Chem. Int. 26 (3), 12 (2004).

  • 3

    H. Gamsjäger, J. W. Lorimer, D. G. Shaw. Chem. Int. 30 (2), 16 (2008).

  • 4

    J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data. Information for Authors. <>.

  • 5

    J. W. Lorimer. “Quantities, units and conversions”, in The Experimental Determination of Solubilities, G. T. Hefter, R. P. T. Tomkins (Eds.), John Wiley, Chichester (2003).

  • 6

    IUPAC. Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry, 3rd ed. (the “Green Book”). Prepared for publication by E. R. Cohen, T. Cvitaš, J. G. Frey, B. Holmström, K. Kuchitsu, R. Marquardt, I. Mills, F. Pavese, M. Quack, J. Stohner, H. L. Strauss, M. Takami, A. J. Thor. RSC Publishing, Cambridge, UK (2007).

  • 7

    , H. Gamsjäger, J. W. Lorimer, P. Scharlin, D. G. Shaw. Pure Appl. Chem. 80, 233 (2008).

    • Crossref
    • Zitation exportieren
  • 8

    IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the “Gold Book”). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: (2006–) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins.

  • 9

    R. A. Robinson, R. H. Stokes. Electrolyte Solutions, 2nd ed., Butterworths, London (1959).

  • 10

    M. L. McGlashan. Chemical Thermodynamics, pp. 180, 183, Academic Press, London (1979).

  • 11

    E. Wilhelm. “Low pressure solubility of gases”, in Measurement of the Thermodynamic Properties of Multiple Phases, R. D. Weir, Th. W. de Loos (Eds.), IUPAC Chemical Data Series No. 41, p. 148, Elsevier, Amsterdam (2005).

  • 12

    E. Wilhelm. “Thermodynamics of non-electrolyte solubility”, Chap. 1 in Developments and Applications of Solubility, T. M. Letcher (Ed.), RSC Publishing, Cambridge, UK (2007).

  • 13

    H. L. Clever, R. Battino. “Solubility of gases in liquids”, in The Experimental Determination of Solubilities, G. T. Hefter, R. P. T. Tomkins (Eds.), Chap. 3, Sect. 7.2, John Wiley, Chichester, UK (2003).

  • 14

    J. W. Lorimer, R. Cohen-Adad. “Thermodynamics of solubility”, in The Experimental Determination of Solubilities, G. T. Hefter, R. P. T. Tomkins (Eds.), Sect. 3.1, John Wiley, Chichester (2003).

  • 15

    R. Battino, H. L. Clever. “The solubility of gases in water and seawater”, Chap. 6 in Developments and Applications of Solubility, T. M. Letcher (Ed.), RSC Publishing, Cambridge, UK (2007).

  • 16

    R. Battino, H. L. Clever, P. G. T. Fogg, C. L. Young. Preface to IUPAC Solubility Data Series 76, P. G. T. Fogg (Ed.), J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 30, 1693 (2001).

  • 17

    , R. Battino. Fluid Phase Equilibr. 15, 231 (1984).

  • 18

    W. Ostwald. Solutions, pp. 1–35, Longmans, London (1891).

  • 19

    J. Horiuti. Sci. Pap. Inst. Phys. Chem. Res (Tokyo) 17, 125 (1931).

  • 20

    A. Ben-Naim. Hydrophobic Interactions, Plenum Press, New York (1980).

  • 21

    , T. R. Rettich, Y. P. Handa, R. Battino, E. Wilhelm. J. Phys. Chem. 85, 3230 (1981).

  • 22

    E. Wilhelm. “The solubility of gases in liquids: Thermodynamic considerations”, in IUPAC Solubility Data Series Vol. 10, R. Battino (Ed.), p. xx, Pergamon Press, Oxford (1982).

  • 23

    B. Rumpf, G. Maurer. Ber. Bunsen-Ges. Phys. Chem. 97, 85 (1993).

  • 24

    A. Maczynski, D. G. Shaw (Eds.). IUPAC Solubility Data Series 81, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 34, 1399 (2005).

  • 25

    D. Shaw, A. Skrzecz, J. W. Lorimer, A. Maczynski (Eds.). IUPAC Solubility Data Series 56, pp. xvi–xx, Oxford University Press, Oxford (1994).

  • 26

    R. Cohen-Adad, J. W. Lorimer (Eds.). IUPAC Solubility Data Series 47, Oxford University Press, Oxford (1991).

  • 27

    , R. Cohen-Adad, M. T. Saugier Cohen-Adad, R. Ouaini. Pure Appl. Chem. 62, 1 (1990).

    • Crossref
    • Zitation exportieren
  • 28

    K. S. Pitzer. “Theory: Ion interaction approach”, in Activity Coefficients in Electrolyte Solutions, Vol. I, R. M. Pytkowicz (Ed.), Chap. 7, CRC Press, Boca Raton (1979).

  • 29

    K. S. Pitzer. “Ion interaction approach”, in Activity Coefficients in Electrolyte Solutions, 2nd ed., K. S. Pitzer (Ed.), Chap. 3, p. 75, CRC Press, Boca Raton (1991).

  • 30

    , D. P. Fernández, A. R. H. Goodwin, E. W. Lemmon, J. M. H. Levelt Sengers, R. C. Williams. J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 26, 1125 (1997).

    • Crossref
    • Zitation exportieren
  • 31

    J. J. Fritz, E. Königsberger (Eds.). IUPAC Solubility Data Series 65, Oxford University Press, Oxford (1996).

  • 32

    , E. J. Reardon, R. D. Beckie. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 51, 2355 (1987).

  • 33

    W. Hummel, G. Anderegg, I. Puigdomènech, L. Rao, O. Tochiyama. Chemical Thermodynamics of Compounds and Complexes of U, Np, Pu, Am, Tc, Se, Ni and Zr with Selected Organic Ligands, Nuclear Energy Agency Data Bank, OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) (Ed.), Vol. 9, Chemical Thermodynamics, North-Holland Elsevier Science, Amsterdam (2005); p. 819.

  • 34

    IUPAC. Compendium of Analytical Nomenclature. Definitive Rules 1997, 3rd ed. (The “Orange Book”). Prepared for publication by J. Inczédy, T. Lengyel, A. M. Ure, Blackwell Science, Oxford (1997), Chap. 3, Sect. 3.2.5.

  • 35

    L. G. Sillén, A. E. Martell. Stability Constants of Metal-Ion Complexes, Supplement No. 1, Special Publication No. 25, pp. xvi, xvii, The Chemical Society, London (1971).

  • 36

    D. C. Thorstenson, L. N. Plummer. Am. J. Sci. 277, 1203 (1977).

  • 37

    H. Gamsjäger, E. Königsberger. “Solubility of sparingly soluble ionic solids in liquids”, in The Experimental Determination of Solubilities, G. T. Hefter, R. P. T. Tomkins (Eds.), John Wiley, Chichester (2003).

  • 38

    J. Bruno, D. Bosbach, D. Kulik, A. Navrotsky. Chemical Thermodynamics of Solid Solutions of Interest in Radioactive Waste Management, Nuclear Energy Agency Data Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (Ed.), Vol. 10, Chemical Thermodynamics, North-Holland Elsevier, Amsterdam (2005).

  • 39

    IUPAC. Nomenclature of Inorganic Chemistry, IUPAC Recommendations 2005 (the “Red Book”). Prepared for publication by N. Connelly, T. Damhus, R. M. Harshorn, RSC Publishing, Cambridge, UK (2005).

  • 40

    IUPAC. Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry, IUPAC Recommendations 1979 (the “Blue Book”). Sections A, B, C, D, E, F, H. Prepared for publication by J. Rigaudy, S. P. Klesneym, Pergamon Press, Oxford (1979). Note: A new edition has been in preparation for a number of years, and its general conclusions, including the concept of retained names, are available from the President of IUPAC Div. VIII.

  • 41

    International Nonproprietary Names (INNs). <>.

  • 42

    IUPAC. Compendium of Polymer Terminology and Nomenclature, IUPAC Recommendations 2008 (the “Purple Book”), edited by R. G. Jones, J. Kahovec, R. Stepto, E. S. Wilks, M. Hess, T. Kitayama, W. V. Metanomski, RSC Publishing, Cambridge, UK (2008).

  • 43

    BIPM. International Vocabulary of Basic and General Terms in Metrology (VIM), 3rd ed., Bureau International des Poids et Mesures, Sèvres (2008); <>.

  • 44

    BIPM. Guide for Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement (GUM), Bureau International des Poids et Mesures, Sèvres (2008); <>.

  • 45

    H. H. Ku (Ed.). Precision Measurement and Calibration, NBS Special Publication 300, Vol. 1, US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1969).

  • 46

    P. R. Bevington, D. K. Robinson. Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill, New York (2003).

  • 47

    N. R. Draper, H. Smith. Applied Regression Analysis, 3rd ed., John Wiley, New York (1998).


Zeitschrift + Hefte

Pure and Applied Chemistry is the official monthly Journal of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC), with responsibility for publishing works arising from those international scientific events and projects that are sponsored and undertaken by the Union.