Photoluminescence of gamma-, proton- and alpha-irradiated LiF detectors

Barbara Marczewska 1 , Paweł Bilski 1 , Ewa Mandowska 2  and Arkadiusz Mandowski 2
  • 1 Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, ul. Radzikowskiego 152, 31-342, Kraków, Poland
  • 2 Jan Długosz University, ul. Armii Krajowej 13/15, 42-200, Częstochowa, Poland

Abstract

Lithium fluoride (LiF), one of the most pervasive alkali halides in optical device research, is routinely used in optical data storage and radiation protection. LiF crystals may contain different aggregate defects produced by several types of ionizing radiation, with the number of defects being proportional to the cumulative radiation dose. Stimulation of irradiated LiF detectors by heating or with blue light causes thermoluminescence (TL) or photoluminescence (PL), respectively. We developed a new PL reader equipped with a blue light-emitting diode for stimulation and a Hamamatsu photomultiplier for registering green emissions, dedicated to examining LiF detectors as well as more broadly investigating TL/PL emission from standard LiF detectors irradiated with gamma rays, 60 MeV protons and alpha particles. The results confirmed very high efficiency PL signal from alpha-irradiated LiF detectors corresponding to their low efficiency after gamma irradiation, and vice versa for TL readout. Combining the TL and PL readouts permits us to discriminate between how different kinds of radiation affect efficiency in LiF detectors.

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