Evaluation of absorbed dose in Gadolinium neutron capture therapy

Gayane Abdullaeva 1 , Gulnara Djuraeva 1 , Andrey Kim 1 , Yuriy Koblik 1 , Gairatulla Kulabdullaev 1 , Turdimukhammad Rakhmonov 1 ,  and Shavkat Saytjanov 1
  • 1 Institute of Nuclear Physics Uz AS, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Abstract

Gadolinium neutron capture therapy (GdNCT) is used for treatment of radioresistant malignant tumors. The absorbed dose in GdNCT can be divided into four primary dose components: thermal neutron, fast neutron, photon and natural gadolinium doses. The most significant is the dose created by natural gadolinium. The amount of gadolinium at the irradiated region is changeable and depends on the gadolinium delivery agent and on the structure of the location where the agent is injected. To de- fine the time dependence of the gadolinium concentration ρ(t) in the irradiated region the pharmacokinetics of gadolinium delivery agent (Magnevist) was studied at intratumoral injection in mice and intramuscular injection in rats. A polynomial approximation was applied to the experimental data and the influence of ρ(t) on the relative change of the absorbed dose of gadolinium was studied.

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