A Bottom-up approach to Grid-Computing at a University: the Black-Forest-Grid Initiative

R. Backofen 1 , H.-G. Borrmann 2 , W. Deck 3 , A. Dedner 4 , L. De Raedt 5 , K. Desch 6 , M. Diesmann 7 , 8 , M. Geier 9 , A. Greiner 10 , W. R. Hess 11 , J. Honerkamp 12 , St. Jankowski 13 , I. Krossing 14 , A. W. Liehr 15 , A. Karwath 16 , R. Klöfkorn 17 , R. Pesché 18 , T. Potjans 19 , M. C. Röttger 20 , L. Schmidt-Thieme 21 , G. Schneider 22 , B. Voß 23 , B. Wiebelt 24 , P. Wienemann 25 ,  and V.-H. Winterer 26
  • 1 Institut für Informatik, Universität Freiburg, Georges- Koehler-Allee 51, 79110 Freiburg, Germany.
  • 2 Rechenzentrum der Universität Freiburg, Hermann-Herder-Str. 10, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.
  • 3 Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Universität Freiburg, Albertstr. 21, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.
  • 4 Mathematisches Institut, Universität Freiburg, Abteilung für Angewandte Mathematik, Hermann-Herder- Str. 10, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.
  • 5 Institut für Informatik, Universität Freiburg, Georges- Koehler-Allee 51, 79110 Freiburg, Germany.
  • 6 Physikalisches Institut, Universität Freiburg, Hermann-Herder-Str. 3, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.
  • 7 Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience, Universität Freiburg, Hansastr. 9a, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.
  • 8 Institut für Biologie III, Universität Freiburg, Schänzlestr. 1, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.
  • 9 Institut für Mikrosystemtechnik, Universität Freiburg, Georges- Koehler-Allee 51, 79110 Freiburg, Germany.
  • 10 Institut für Mikrosystemtechnik, Universität Freiburg, Georges- Koehler-Allee 51, 79110 Freiburg, Germany.
  • 11 Institut für Biologie II, Universität Freiburg, Schänzlestr. 1, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.
  • 12 Freiburger Materialforschungszentrum, Universität Freiburg, Stefan-Meier-Str. 21, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.
  • 13 Institut für Informatik, Universität Freiburg, Georges- Koehler-Allee 51, 79110 Freiburg, Germany.
  • 14 Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Universität Freiburg, Albertstr. 21, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.
  • 15 Freiburger Materialforschungszentrum, Universität Freiburg, Stefan-Meier-Str. 21, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.
  • 16 Institut für Informatik, Universität Freiburg, Georges- Koehler-Allee 51, 79110 Freiburg, Germany.
  • 17 Mathematisches Institut, Universität Freiburg, Abteilung für Angewandte Mathematik, Hermann-Herder- Str. 10, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.
  • 18 Rechenzentrum der Universität Freiburg, Hermann-Herder-Str. 10, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.
  • 19 Physikalisches Institut, Universität Freiburg, Hermann-Herder-Str. 3, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.
  • 20 Freiburger Materialforschungszentrum, Universität Freiburg, Stefan-Meier-Str. 21, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.
  • 21 Institut für Informatik, Universität Freiburg, Georges- Koehler-Allee 51, 79110 Freiburg, Germany.
  • 22 Rechenzentrum der Universität Freiburg, Hermann-Herder-Str. 10, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.
  • 23 Institut für Biologie II, Universität Freiburg, Schänzlestr. 1, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.
  • 24 Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience, Universität Freiburg, Hansastr. 9a, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.
  • 25 Physikalisches Institut, Universität Freiburg, Hermann-Herder-Str. 3, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.
  • 26 Rechenzentrum der Universität Freiburg, Hermann-Herder-Str. 10, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.

ABSTRACT

Recent years have seen a rapid increase in the need for highperformance computing. These demands come from disciplines such as particle physics traditionally relying on High Performance Computing (HPC) but lately also from the various branches of life science that have matured into quantitative disciplines. The classical infrastructure of university computer centres results to be unsuited to cope with the new requirements for a multitude of reasons. Here we discuss the causes of this failure and present a solution developed at the University of Freiburg in a collaborative effort of several faculties. We demonstrate that using state of the art grid computing technology the problem can now be addressed in a bottom-up approach. The organizational, technical, and financial components of our framework, the Black Forest Grid Initiative (BFG) are described and results of its implementation are presented. In the process, a number of new questions have emerged which the next phase of our project needs to address.

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PIK is the professional journal for the use of information systems dealing with topics related to information processing and communications techniques. The only German-language journal covers the increasingly important fields of super computers, parallel computers and high-output-workstations. PIK addresses the practitioner and decisions-maker in business, science and industry.

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