Surface damage characterization of photodegraded low-density polyethylene by means of friction measurements

Toshio Igarashi 1 , Soichiro Ohno 1 , Sayaka Oda 2 , Satoru Hirosawa 2 , Yusuke Hiejimahttp://orcid.org/https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9197-2021 1 , and Koh-hei Nittahttp://orcid.org/https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1218-2935 1
  • 1 Department of Chemical and Materials Science, Kanazawa University, Kakuma Campus, Kanazawa 920-1192, Japan
  • 2 Kyoto Municipal Institute of Industrial Technology and Culture, 91 Awata-cho, Chudoji, Shimogyo-ku, Kyoto 600-8815, Japan
Toshio Igarashi
  • Department of Chemical and Materials Science, Kanazawa University, Kakuma Campus, Kanazawa 920-1192, Japan
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, Soichiro Ohno
  • Department of Chemical and Materials Science, Kanazawa University, Kakuma Campus, Kanazawa 920-1192, Japan
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, Sayaka Oda
  • Kyoto Municipal Institute of Industrial Technology and Culture, 91 Awata-cho, Chudoji, Shimogyo-ku, Kyoto 600-8815, Japan
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, Satoru Hirosawa
  • Kyoto Municipal Institute of Industrial Technology and Culture, 91 Awata-cho, Chudoji, Shimogyo-ku, Kyoto 600-8815, Japan
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, Yusuke HiejimaORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9197-2021 and Koh-hei NittaORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1218-2935

Abstract

Friction measurements have been carried out to characterize surface damages during photodegradation of low-density polyethylene. The average and mean deviation of the friction coefficients increase with the irradiation time in the early stage of photodegradation processes, indicating the increase in the surface roughness, whereas the mechanical properties remain essentially unchanged. In the following stage, where the ductile-brittle transition takes place, the mean deviation of the friction coefficients shows an appreciable decrease with maintaining almost constant average values, suggesting that the surface becomes more homogeneous. Beyond the ductile-brittle transition, both of the average and mean deviation of the friction coefficients gradually increase with the irradiation time, indicating further enhancement of surface roughness, followed by formation of surface cracks. The soundness of the friction measurements is confirmed by comparing with optical measurements of the surface roughness, and it is suggested that the present method gives a convenient and sensitive method of detection for degradation in polymeric materials.

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