A Serbian version of the ANPS and its link to the five-factor model of personality

Christian Montag 1 , Kenneth L. Davis 2 , Ljiljana B. Lazarevic 3 , and Goran Knezevic 4
  • 1 Institute of Psychology and Education, Ulm University, Ulm, Germany
  • 2 Pegasus International, , Greensboro, United States of America
  • 3 Institute of Psychology and Laboratory for Research of Individual Differences, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
  • 4 Department of Psychology and Laboratory for Research of Individual Differences, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia


This short communication presents a Serbian version of the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales (ANPS). The ANPS is a self-report measure assessing individual differences in primary emotional systems as derived from Jaak Panksepp’s Affective Neuroscience Theory. As a recent work by confirmed the original demonstration of strong associations between primary emotions and the Five-Factor Model of Personality () across different cultures (USA, Germany, China), we replicated these findings in a Serbian sample. Moreover, following the idea of a recent commentary of on , we present for the first time detailed associations between Five-Factor Model facets as assessed with the NEO-PI-R and primary emotions.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Abella, V., Panksepp, J., Manga, D., Bárcena, C., & Iglesias, J. A. (2011). Spanish validation of the affective neuroscience personality scales. The Spanish journal of psychology, 14(2), 926-935. https://doi.org/10.5209/rev_SJOP.2011.v14.n2.38

  • Barrett, F. S., Robins, R. W., & Janata, P. (2013). A brief form of the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales. Psychological Assessment, 25(3), 826-843. doi: 10.1037/a0032576

  • Davis, K. L., & Montag, C. (2018). Selected Principles of Pankseppian Affective Neuroscience. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 12, 1025. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2018.01025

  • Davis, K. L., Panksepp, J., & Normansell, L. (2003). The affective neuroscience personality scales: Normative data and implications. Neuropsychoanalysis, 5(1), 57-69. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15294145.2003.10773410

  • Davis, K. L., & Panksepp, J. (2011). The brain’s emotional foundations of human personality and the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 35(9), 1946-1958. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2011.04.004

  • Di Domenico, S., & Ryan R. M. (2017). Comment on „Primary Emotional Systems and Personality: An Evolutionary Perspective. Frontiers in Psychology.https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01414

  • Đuričić-Jočić, D., Džamonja-Ignjatović, T., & Knežević, G. (2004). NEO-PI-R: primena i interpretacija. Beograd: Centar za primenjenu psihologiju.

  • Özkarar-Gradwohl, F. G. (2019). Cross-Cultural Affective Neuroscience. Frontiers in Psychology, 10.

  • Hiebler-Ragger, M., Fuchshuber, J., Dröscher, H. B., Vajda, C., Fink, A., & Unterrainer, H. F. (2018). Personality Influences the Relationship between Primary Emotions and Religious/Spiritual Well-Being. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 370. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00370.

  • Knežević, G., Lazarević, L. B., Montag, C., & Davis, K. (2019). Relations Between Lexical and Biological Perspectives on Personality: New Evidence Based on HEXACO and Affective Neuroscience Theory. Journal of Personality Assessment, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223891.2018.1553782

  • Montag, C., & Davis, K. (2018). Affective Neuroscience Theory and Personality: An update. Personality Neuroscience, 1, e12. doi: 10.1017/pen.2018.10

  • Montag, C., & Panksepp, J. (2017a). Primary emotional systems and personality: An evolutionary perspective. Frontiers in Psychology, 8. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00464

  • Montag, C., & Panksepp, J. (2017b). Personality Neuroscience: Why it is of importance to include primary emotional systems! In Zeigler-Hill, V. & Shackelford, T. (pages will be inserted soon, in press), Encyclopedia of personality and individual differences. New York: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1338-1

  • Montag, C., Widenhorn-Müller, K., Panksepp, J., & Kiefer, M. (2017). Individual differences in Affective Neuroscience Personality Scale (ANPS) primary emotional traits and depressive tendencies. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 73, 136-142. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2016.11.007

  • Olaru, G., Witthöft, M., & Wilhelm, O. (2015). Methods matter: testing competing models for designing short-scale big-five assessments. Journal of Research in Personality, 59, 56-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2015.09.001

  • Özkarar-Gradwohl, F. G. (2019). Cross-Cultural Affective Neuroscience. Frontiers in psychology, 10.

  • Özkarar-Gradwohl, F. G., Panksepp, J., İçöz, F. J., Çetinkaya, H., Köksal, F., Davis, K. L., & Scherler, N. (2014). The influence of culture on basic affective systems: the comparison of Turkish and American norms on the affective neuroscience personality scales. Culture and Brain, 2(2), 173-192. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40167-014-0021-9

  • Pahlavan, F., Mouchiroud, C., Zenasni, F., & Panksepp, J. (2008). French validation of the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales (ANPS). European Review of Applied Psychology-Revue Europeenne De Psychologie Appliquee, 58(3), 155-163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erap.2007.08.004

  • Panksepp, J. (1998). Affective Neuroscience: The foundations of human and animal emotions. Oxford University Press.

  • Panksepp, J. (2007). Emotional feelings originate below the neocortex: Toward a neurobiology of the soul. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 30(1), 101-103. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0140525X07001094

  • Panksepp, J. (2010). Affective neuroscience of the emotional Brain Mind: Evolutionary perspectives and implications for understanding depression. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 12(4), 533-545.

  • Panksepp, J. (2011). Cross-species affective neuroscience decoding of the primal affective experiences of humans and related animals. PloS One, 6(9), e21236. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0021236

  • Panksepp, J., & Yovell, Y. (2014). Preclinical modeling of primal emotional affects (Seeking, Panic and Play): gateways to the development of new treatments for depression. Psychopathology, 47, 383-93. doi: 10.1159/000366208.

  • Pascazio, L., Bembich, S., Nardone, I. B., Vecchiet, C., Guarino, G., & Clarici, A. (2015). Validation of the Italian translation of the affective neuroscience personality scales. Psychological Reports, 116(1), 97-115. https://doi.org/10.2466/08.09.PR0.116k13w4

  • Pedersen, G., Johansen, M., Wilberg, T., & Karterud, S. (2014). Testing Different Versions of the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales in a Clinical Sample. PLoS ONE 9(10): e109394. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0109394

  • Reuter, M., Panksepp, J., Davis, K., & Montag, C. (2017). Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales (ANPS) – Deutsche Version. Göttingen: Hogrefe.

  • Sindermann, C., Luo, R., Zhao, Z., Li, Q., Li, M., Kendrick, K. M., ... & Montag, C. (2018). High ANGER and low agreeableness predict vengefulness in German and Chinese participants. Personality and Individual Differences, 121, 184-192.


Journal + Issues