This paper studies determinants of inflation in Iran. The buildup of international reserves has accelerated during the episode of higher oil price. The associated increase in government spending has limited contribution to capacity building and pronounced inflationary pressures, which accelerated at the beginning of the Iran-Iraq war in 1980, and eased at the end of the war in 1988. Accommodating monetary stance has proven to be an important determinant of inflation, both in the long and in the short-runs. In the long-run, depreciation of the rial increases the cost of intermediate goods, increasing inflationary pressures with limited significant effect on output. In contrast, depreciation could boost competitiveness of non-energy exports, in support of higher demand and output growth in the short-run. For policy implications, priorities going forward should be in place to direct both public and private resources toward relaxing binding capacity constraints, capitalizing on oil resources in Iran and the prospects of the positive implications of lifting sanctions in the context of the recent nuclear agreement between Iran and the G5+1 countries.
Bahmani, M., and M. Kandil. 2010. “Exchange Rate Fluctuations and Oil in Oil-Producing Countries: The Case of Iran.” Emerging Markets Finance and Trade 46 (3): 23–45. May-June.10.2753/REE1540-496X460302)| false
Kandil, M., and I. Mirzaie. 2005. ““The Effects of Exchange Rate Fluctuations on Output and Price: Evidence from Developing Countries.” Journal of Developing Areas 38 (2): 189–219. spring.10.1353/jda.2005.0022)| false
The Review of Middle East Economics and Finance (RMEEF) addresses applied original research in the fields of economics and finance pertaining to the MENA region (Middle East and North Africa), including Turkey and Iran. The journal also publishes articles that deal with the economies of neighboring countries and/or the relationship and interactions between those economies and the MENA region.