An effective recursive formula for the Frobenius covariants in matrix functions

F. Schäfer 1
  • 1 Institute for Mathematics, University of Klagenfurt, 9020 , Klagenfurt, Austria


For theoretical studies, it is helpful to have an explicit expression for a matrix function. Several methods have been used to determine the required Frobenius covariants. This paper presents a recursive formula that calculates these covariants effectively. The new aspect of this method is the simple determination of the occurring coefficients in the covariants. The advantage is shown by several examples for the matrix exponential in comparision with Mathematica. The calculations are performed exactly.

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Special Matrices is a peer-reviewed, open access electronic journal that publishes original articles of wide significance and originality in all areas of research involving structured matrices present in various branches of pure and applied mathematics and their noteworthy applications in physics, engineering, and other sciences.