Retrospective and prospective orientation in the construction of argumentative moves

  • 1 UCLA.

Abstract

Analysis focuses on how utterances opposing another position in an argument are constructed with a simultaneous orientation to (a) the detailed structure of the prior utterance being opposed and (b) the future trajectories of action projected by that utterance, which the current utterance attempts to counter and intercept. Through such practices participants treat each other as cognitively complex, reflexive actors who are reshaping a contested, consequential social landscape through the choices they make as they build each next action. Data is drawn from a dispute between a father and his son who is just entering adolescence.

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Text & Talk (founded as TEXT in 1981) is an internationally recognized forum for interdisciplinary research in language, discourse, and communication studies, focusing, among other things, on the situational and historical nature of text/talk production; the cognitive and sociocultural processes of language practice/action; and participant-based structures of meaning negotiation and multimodal alignment.

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