Even though some level of politicization is pressed into the “genetic material” of administrative systems, the majority of experts agree that a system with high levels of politicization is less efficient, as most individuals do not have the chance to develop their full potential. The weaknesses of politicization are even more devastating in smaller states such as Slovenia, as they have a limited amount of human resources available. Based on a detailed analysis of the politicization of civil service in Slovenia, the authors can confirm that the level of politicization is quite high. After accession into the European Union (2004) and the adoption of austerity laws (2010–2013), politicization increased even further. Despite the formal existence of a meritocratic civil service system, politicians have an increasingly decisive role in the employment and advancement of civil servants, and total control over the appointment and dismissal of senior civil servants. The authors conclude that the predominance of politicians with relationships to senior civil servants can be changed with relatively simple adjustments to formal acts.
Aberbach, Joel D., Robert D. Putnam and Bert A. Rockman (1981) Bureaucrats and Politicians and Western Democracies. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Act on additional intervention measures (2012). Official Gazette of Slovenia, 110/2011.
Act to restore public finances (2012). Official Gazette of Slovenia, 40/2012.
Brezovšek, Marjan and Simona Kukovič (2014) “Institucionalni Vidiki Lokalnega Političnega Vodenja v Evropi: Primerjalna Analiza,” Teorija in praksa, 51(6):1091–1110.
Bučar, France (2001) “Reforma Javne Uprave.” In: (Stane Vlaj, ed.) Uvod v javno upravo. Ljubljana: High School of Administration, pp. 79–86.
Bugarič, Bojan (2005) “The Separation of Politics and Administration: “Western” Models and “Eastern” Practices?,” Public Administration, 41(2–3):419–432.
Christensen, Jorgen Gronnegård (2004) “Political Responsiveness and a Merit Bureaucracy.” In: (Guy B. Peters and Jon Pierre, eds.) Politicization of the Civil Service and Comparative Perspective. London: Routledge, pp. 15–40.
Čehovin, Marko (2013) The Politicization of the State Administration in Slovenia (Master’s Thesis). Ljubljana: Faculty of Social Sciences.
Dahlström, Carl Johan (2011) “Politicization of the Civil Service.” In: (Bertrand Badie, Leonardo Morlino and Dirk Berg-Schlosser, eds.) International Encyclopedia of Political Science. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications.
Defence Act (2004) Official Gazette of Slovenia, 103/2004.
Eaton, Dorman B. (1880) Civil Service and Great Britain: A History of Abuses and Reforms and Their Bearing Upon American Politics. New York: Harper & Brothers.
Emergency Measures Act (2010) Official Gazette of Slovenia, 94/2010.
Haček, Miro (2001) The System of Civil Servants. Ljubljana: Faculty of Social Sciences.
Haček, Miro (2005a) Politics of Bureaucracy. Ljubljana: Založba Modrijan.
Haček, Miro (2005b) “Tries of Politicization of the Slovenian Public Administration?,” Teorija in praksa, 42(4–6):759–770.
Haček, Miro (2009) Politicians and Senior Public Servants: Who Governs?. Ljubljana: Faculty of Social Sciences.
Kovač, Polonca and Gregor Virant (2013) “Balancing Professional Standards and Political Discretion and Selecting Top Officials and Slovenia,” Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences, 40:137–158.
Krašovec, Alenka (1997) “Relations between the government, policy and stakeholders.” In: (Marjan Brezovšek, ed.) Democracy – governance and administration in Slovenia. Ljubljana: Slovenian Political Science Association, pp. 293–300.
Križman, Janja (2009) The Dynamics of the Relationship Between Bureaucracy and Politics at the Trade Authorities (MA thesis). Ljubljana: Faculty of Social Sciences.
Law enforcement budgets of the Republic of Slovenia (2013, 2014) Official Gazette of Slovenia, 104/2012, 46/2013.
Law on Foreign Affairs (2003) Official Gazette of Slovenia, 113/2003.
Lukić, Aleksandar (2012) “Janša’s Growing Faster than Janković.” Slovenske novice.
Markeš, Janez (2009) “Political Culture and the Meeting of the Three Countries. So Much Lead!.” Delo.
Mekina, Borut (2009) “Interview with dr. Ljubica Jelušič, Minister of Defense,” Mladina, 43.
Mekina, Borut (2012) “Janša’s March Through the Institutions,” Mladina.
Mekina, Borut (2013a) “The Penetration of SDS Staff to SOVA.” Mladina.
Mekina, Borut (2013b) “Nepotism is Still in MNZ.” Mladina.
Meyer-Sahling, Jan-Hinrik (2009) “Sustainability of Civil Service Reforms in Central and Eastern Europe Five Years After EU Accession.” Sigma Papers 44, OECD Publishing. Retrieved on February 15, 2013, from http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kml60pvjmbq-en.
Meyer-Sahling, Jan-Hinrik (2009) “Sustainability of Civil Service Reforms in Central and Eastern Europe Five Years After EU Accession.” Sigma Papers 44, OECD Publishing. Retrieved on February 15, 2013, from http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kml60pvjmbq-en.10.1787/5kml60pvjmbq-en)| false
Ministry of Justice and Public Administration (2013, March 5). Transmission of data from the Central Personnel records of government bodies – response.
Officials Council (2013b) Review of the functioning of the Council of Officials in the period from 2003 to 2012.
Peters, Guy B. (2001) The Politics of bureaucracy (5th edition). London: Routledge.
Peters, Guy B. and Jon Pierre (2004) “Politicization of the Civil service: Concepts, Causes, Consequences.” In: (Guy B. Peters and Jon Pierre, eds.) Politicization of the Civil Service and Comparative Perspective. London: Routledge, pp. 1–13.
Pierre, Jon (2004) “Politicization of the Swedish civil service.” In: (Guy B. Peters and Jon Pierre, eds.) Politicization of the Civil Service and Comparative Perspective. London: Routledge, pp. 41–54.
Public Administration Act (2005) Official Gazette of Slovenia, 113/2005.
World Political Science (WPS), sponsored by the International Political Science Association (IPSA), publishes translations of prize-winning articles nominated by prominent national political science associations and journals around the world.