From Parliamentarisation Towards Presidentialisation: Institutional Aspects of Local Political Leadership in Slovenia

Simona Kukovič 1  and Marjan Brezovšek 1
  • 1 University of Ljubljana
Simona Kukovič and Marjan Brezovšek

Abstract

In this paper, the authors analyse the institutional aspects of local governance. After the local government reforms, two main currents of change were created among European countries, namely the (quasi-) parliamentarisation administration systems committees, and (quasi-) presidentialisation through the form of elected mayors. Through an overview of the changes in the Slovenian local self-government in the last two decades, the authors determine a gradual transition from parliamentarism (with a relatively strong legislative body, municipal council) to the strengthening of the individual executive body (mayor), e.g. presidentialisation. By using the calculated index of mayoral strength, the authors conclude that according to the mayoral institutional power, the Slovenian system of local self-government is closer to the countries with (post) Napoleonic administrative tradition than to the countries of Central and Eastern Europe.

  • Bäck, Henry (2005) “The Institutional Setting of Local Political Leadership and Community Involvement.” In: (Michael Haus, Hubert Heinelt and Murray Stewart. eds.) Urban Governance and Democracy. Leadership and Community Involvement. London: Routledge, pp. 65–101.

  • Berg, Rikke and Nirmala Rao (2005) Transforming Political Leadership in Local Government. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

  • Denters, Bas and Lawrence Rose (ed.) (2005) Comparing Local Governance: Trends and Developments. Basingstoke: Palgrave.

  • Goldsmith, Michael J. and Edward C. Page (2010) Changing Government Relations in Europe: From localism to Intergovernmentalism. New York: Routledge.

  • Haček, Miro (2006) “The Relationship between Civil Servants and Politicians in a Post-Communist Country: A Case of Slovenia,” Public Administration, 84(1):165–184.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Haček, Miro (2012) “The Commitment of Senior Civil Servants to Democratic Freedoms and Equality.” Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences, 35(E):93–106.

  • Haus, Michael and David Sweeting (2006) “Local Democracy and Political Leadership: Drawing a Map,” Political Studies, 54(2):267–288.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Heinelt, Hubert and Nikolaos K. Hlepas (2006) “Typologies of Local Government Systems.” In: (Henry Bäck, Hubert Heinelt and Annick Magnier, eds.) The European Mayor, Political Leaders in the Changing Context of Local Democracy. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, pp. 21–42.

  • John, Peter and Francesca Gains (2006) Leadership in Local Government: A Review of the Key Issues. Edinburgh: Scottish Executive.

  • Kukovič, Simona (2014) Institutional Settings and Mayoral Strength: Index of Mayoral Strength (Results of the Study). Ljubljana: Faculty of Social Sciences.

  • Kukovič, Simona and Miro Haček (2011) “Non-Partisan Candidates and Lists at Slovenian Local Elections 1994–2010.” World Political Science Review, 7(1).

  • Kukovič, Simona and Miro Haček (2013) “The Re-Election of Mayors in the Slovenian Local Self-Government,” Lex Localis, 11(2):87–99.

  • Mouritzen, Poul Erik and James H. Svara (2002) Leadership at the Apex; Politicians and Administrators in Western Local Governments. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.

  • Page, Edward C. (1991) Localism and Centralism in Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  • Page, Edward C. and Michael J. Goldsmith (1987) Central and Local Government Relations: A Comparative Analysis of West European Unitary States. London: Sage.

  • Pawlowska, Agnieszka and Katarzyna Radzik (2007) Institutional Models of Local Leadership-Comparative Analysis. Retrieved on May 29, 2014 from http://www.nispa.org/files/conferences/2007/papers/200704100858340.KievPaper.Pawlowska.Radzik.doc.

  • Self, Peter (1972) Administrative Theories and Politics: An Inquiry into the Structure and Processes of Modern Government. London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd.

  • The Act Amending the Local Self-Government Act (Zakon o spremembah in dopolnitvah Zakona o lokalni samoupravi). Official Gazette RS 14/1995. Retrieved November 1, 2014, from http://www.uradni-list.si/1/objava.jsp?urlid=199514&number=677.

  • The Act Amending the Local Self-Government Act (Zakon o spremembah in dopolnitvah Zakona o lokalni samoupravi). Official Gazette RS 74/1998. Retrieved November 1, 2014, from http://www.pisrs.si/Pis.web/pregledPredpisa?id=ZAKO562#.

  • The Law on Civil Servants (Zakon o javnih uslužbencih-UPB3). Official Gazette RS 63/2007. Retrieved May 29, 2014, from https://www.uradni-list.si/1/content?id=81343.

  • The Local Elections Act (Zakon o lokalnih volitvah-UPB3). OG RS 94/2007. Retrieved May 29, 2014, from http://www.uradni-list.si/1/objava.jsp?urlurid=20074693.

  • The Local Self-Government Act (Zakon o lokalni samoupravi). Official Gazette RS 72/1993. Retrieved May 29, 2014, from http://www.pisrs.si/Pis.web/pregledPredpisa?id=ZAKO307.

  • The Local Self-Government Act (Zakon o lokalni samoupravi-UPB2). Official Gazette RS 94/2007. Retrieved May 29, 2014, from http://www.uradni-list.si/1/objava.jsp?urlid=200794&number=4692.

  • Wollmann, Hellmut (2008) “Local Reforming Local Leadership and Local Democracy: The Cases of England, Sweden, Germany and France in Comparative Perspective,” Local Government Studies, 34(2):279–298.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Wollmann, Hellmut (2009) “The Ascent of the Directly Elected Mayor in European Local Government in West and East,” In: (Herwig Reynaert, Kristof Steyvers, Pascal Delwit and Jean-Benoit Pilet, eds.) Local Political Leadership in Europe: Town Chief, City Boss or Loco President? Brugge: Vanden Broele, pp. 115–149.

  • Wollmann, Hellmut (2012) “Local Government Reforms in (Seven) European Countries: Between Convergent and Divergent, Conflicting and Complementary Developments,” Local Government Studies, 38(1):41–70.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
Purchase article
Get instant unlimited access to the article.
Log in
Already have access? Please log in.


Journal + Issues

World Political Science (WPS), sponsored by the International Political Science Association (IPSA), publishes translations of prize-winning articles nominated by prominent national political science associations and journals around the world.

Search