The Babylonian Lunar Three in Calendrical Scrolls from Qumran

Jonathan Ben-Dov 1.  and Wayne Horowitz 2.
  • 1. Haifa.
  • 2. Jerusalem.

Abstract

The three calendrical scrolls from Qumran, 4Q320, 4Q321, and 4Q321a, contain diverse calendrical materials, including a system for dating lunar phenomena over a triennial cycle of months. These scrolls, known for some time now, were published in their official editions recently in DJD XXI. Research into the full significance of the scrolls continues. Below we will propose that the lunar data in the three scrolls match that in Late Babylonian astronomical texts.

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