Von Joburg nach Gauteng: Transformation der City of Gold zur Global City Region?

Christoph Haferburg
  • Institut für Geographie, Friedrich-Alexander-Universitat Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany, Institut für Geographische Wissenschaften, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany
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and Jürgen Oßenbrügge

Zusammenfassung

Johannesburg wird in der World- und Global-City-Forschung zumeist als einzige Metropole Afrikas mit globaler Bedeutung eingeordnet. Die Agglomeration verdankt ihre Existenz der internationalen Kapitalinvestition in den Goldbergbau, war aber in ihrer 130jährigen Geschichte vielfachen Transformationen unterworfen. Seit dem Ende der Apartheid bestimmen globale Einbindung, Tertiärisierung sowie Flächen- und Bevölkerungswachstum das Bild. Der vorliegende Text analysiert sowohl die Verflechtungen mit und Abhängigkeiten von globalen Dynamiken als auch die Persistenzen und Veränderungen der national und lokal angelegten urbanen Entwicklungspfade. Ausgangspunkt sind die Global-City- bzw. Global-City-Region- und Global-Value-Chain-Debatten, inklusive der darauf bezogenen Kritik. Die Verschiebung der Perspektive von Johannesburg auf Gauteng als global eingebundene „Megaregion“ bildet die empirische Rückbindung.

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