Pair Densities in a Two-dimensional Electron Gas (Jellium) at Strong Coupling from Scattering Theory with Kukkonen-Overhauser Effective Interactions

F. Capurro 1 , R. Asgari 2 , B. Davoudi 2 , M. Polini 1  and P. Tosi 1
  • 1 NEST-INFMand Classe di Scienze, Scuola Normale Superiore, I-56126 Pisa, Italy
  • 2 Also at Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics, Tehran 19395-5531, Iran

We present a calculation of the spin-averaged and spin-resolved pair distribution functions for a homogeneous gas of electrons moving in a plane with e2/r interactions at coupling strength rs = 10. The calculation is based on the solution of a two-electron scattering problem for both parallelspin- and antiparallel-spin-pairs interacting via effective spin-dependent many-body potentials. The scattering potentials are modeled within the approach proposed by Kukkonen and Overhauser to treat exchange and correlations under close constraints imposed by sum rules. We find very good agreement with quantum MonteCarlo data for the spin-averaged pair density. We also find that short-range pairing between parallel-spin electrons is beginning to emerge in the paramagnetic fluid at this coupling strength, as a precursor of a transition to a fully spin-polarized fluid state occurring at stronger coupling.

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