Review. Non-aqueous Sol-Gel Routes to Metal Oxide Nanocrystals under Solvothermal Conditions: Review and Case Study on Doped Group IV Metal Oxides

Andrea Pucci 1  and Nicola Pinna 1 , 2
  • 1 Department of Chemistry, CICECO, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • 2 World Class University (WCU) program of Chemical Convergence for Energy & Environment (C2E2), School of Chemical and Biological Engineering, College of Engineering, Seoul National University (SNU), Seoul 151-744, Korea

Over the last decade, the number of publications concerning the non-aqueous sol-gel synthesis of metal oxide nanostructures has rapidly increased, as this method affords an immense variety of sizes and shapes of the products. This review highlights the versatility of non-aqueous sol-gel routes, under solvothermal conditions, to metal oxide and hybrid materials. In particular, the easier control over the reaction kinetics, compared to aqueous methods, allows to better match the reactivity between metal oxide precursors. This permits to produce complex multimetal and doped oxides at low temperature, as it is discussed in detail for the case of doped group IV metal oxides

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Zeitschrift für Naturforschung B is an international scientific journal which publishes original papers, microreviews, and letters from all areas of inorganic chemistry, solid state chemistry, coordination chemistry, molecular chemistry, and organic chemistry.

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    Review. Non-aqueous Sol-Gel Routes to Metal Oxide Nanocrystals under Solvothermal Conditions: Review and Case Study on Doped Group IV Metal Oxides