Effects of Glyphosate on Shikimic Acid Accumulation in Tobacco Cell Cultures with Low and High Yields of Cinnamoyl Putrescines

Jochen Berlin 1  and Ludger Witte 1
  • 1 Gesellschaft für Biotechnologische Forschung mbH, Mascheroder Weg 1, D-3300 Braunschweig, Bundesrepublik Deutschland

To study the flow of carbon through the shikimate pathway in tobacco cell cultures with low and high yields of cinnamoyl putrescines, the cell cultures were treated with glyphosate. In the presence of glyphosate the levels of free shikimic acid were increased more than 300-fold by both cell lines. Despite of a normally 10-fold higher level of cinnamoyl putrescines, the high yielding cell line accumulated only 25% more free shikimic acid than the low yielding cell line. This result together with earlier observations indicated that the increased formation of cinnamoyl putrescines was rather limited by the activity of phenylalanine ammonia lyase than by increased substrate supply caused by alterations in the shikimate pathway

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A Journal of Biosciences: Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C (ZNC) is an international scientific journal for the emerging field of natural and natural-like products. ZNC publishes original research on the isolation, bio-chemical synthesis and bioactivities of natural products, their biochemistry, pharmacology, biotechnology, and biological activity and innovative developed computational methods for predicting their structure and/or function.