Sinapine as a Supply of Choline for the Biosynthesis of Phosphatidylcholine in Raphanus sativus Seedlings

Dieter Strack 1
  • 1 Botanisches Institut der Universität zu Köln, Gyrhofstr. 15, D-5000 Köln 41

Biosynthesis of phosphatidylcholine in young seedlings of Raphanus sativus is supplied with choline from degradation of the seed constituent sinapine (sinapoylcholine). This conclusion has been deduced from the following results:

(1) Raphanus sativus seedlings accumulate approx. 70 nmol phosphatidylcholine which may be relevant for the consumption of choline, liberated during hydrolysis of approx. 130 nmol sinapine.

(2) [14C]choline and [14C]ethanolamine, taken up by germinating Raphanus seeds, are exclusively consumed in the biosynthesis of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine, respectively.

(3) Pulse-chase experiments with seedlings at different germination stages show a reduced [14C]choline incorporation into phosphatidylcholine at the time when degradation of sinapine occurs, obviously as a result of an isotope dilution by an increase of the endogenous choline pool.

(4) After [14C]choline pulse to immature seeds, during the process of seed maturation most of the activity taken up is incorporated into accumulating sinapine and approx. 50% compared to this into phosphatidylcholine. During seedling development the quantity of labelled sinapine rapidly decreases as a result of sinapine degradation with a concomitant label increase in free choline, phosphorylcholine, and phosphatidylcholine. Approx. 50% of the choline liberated from sinapine, is consumed in the biosynthesis of phosphatidylcholine.

High performance liquid chromatographic analyses of phosphatidylcholine during Raphanus germination revealed that this phospholipid might be a metabolically active compound. Changes in the absorptivity of this compound at 210 nm indicate changes in the degree of unsaturation in the fatty acyl groups

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A Journal of Biosciences: Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C (ZNC) is an international scientific journal for the emerging field of natural and natural-like products. ZNC publishes original research on the isolation, bio-chemical synthesis and bioactivities of natural products, their biochemistry, pharmacology, biotechnology, and biological activity and innovative developed computational methods for predicting their structure and/or function.