Partition of Phylloquinone Kx between Digitonin Particles and Chlorophyll-Proteins of Chloroplast Membranes from Nicotiana tabacum

E. Interschick-Niebler 1  and H. K. Lichtenthaler 1
  • 1 Botanisches Institut, Universität Karlsruhe, Kaiserstraße 12, D-7500 Karlsruhe 1, Bundesrepublik Deutschland

The partition of phylloquinone (vitamin K1), of chlorophylls a and b and of the two main carotenoids, β-carotene and lutein, in subthylakoid particles (digitonin treatment) and chlorophyll protein complexes (sodium dodecylsulfate polyamide-gel electrophoresis) isolated from tobacco chloroplasts (Nicotiana tabacum L.) is described.

1. The “light particle” fractions (S 90 000, S 150 000) of digitonin fragmented chloroplasts are enriched in CP I and contain a higher proportion of phylloquinone, chorophyll a and β-carotene as compared to whole chloroplasts. This is visualized by high values for the ratio a/b (6 -8) and for β-carotene/lutein (1.7) as well as about 3 mol of K1 per 100 mol of total chlorophyll.

The “heavy digitonin particle” fraction (10 000 x g sediment), in turn, contains a higher proportion of chlorophyll b and lutein, but a lower level of phylloquinone than whole chloroplasts.

2. The chlorophyll a-protein CP I of pigmentsystem I, isolated by preparative gel electrophoresis using 0.5% and 4% SDS, is characterized by a stable level of phylloquinone (1 mol K1 per 100 mol of total chlorophyll), high chlorophyll a/b ratios (7 -10) and high values for β-carotene/lutein (~ 6.0).

The light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b-protein LHCP of photosystem II (chlorophyll a/b = 1.1 - 1.5, β-carotene/lutein = < 0.1) contains either low amounts of phylloquinone (0.5% SDS) or only trace amounts of K1 (4% SDS).

The free pigment fraction (FP) contains at 0.5% SDS 57% of the total phylloquinone of thylakoid membranes. At 4% SDS the K1 amount in the free pigment fraction increases to 84%.

3. The phylloquinone partition studies in digitonin particles and SDS chlorophyll proteins indicate that there exist at least two localization sites for phylloquinone K1 in the photosynthetic membrane. The CP I complex and a second site, presumably near photosystem II (CPa?)

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A Journal of Biosciences: Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C (ZNC) is an international scientific journal for the emerging field of natural and natural-like products. ZNC publishes original research on the isolation, bio-chemical synthesis and bioactivities of natural products, their biochemistry, pharmacology, biotechnology, and biological activity and innovative developed computational methods for predicting their structure and/or function.