Effects of Antifungal Compounds on Conidial Germination and on the Induction of Appressorium Formation of Magnaporthe grisea

Frank Eilbert 1 , Eckhard Thines 2 ,  und Heidrun Anke 1
  • 1 Department for Biotechnology, University of Kaiserslautern, Paul-Ehrlich-Str. 23, D -67663 Kaiserslautern, Germany.
  • 2 School of Biological Sciences, University of Exeter, Washington Singer Laboratories, Perry Road, Exeter EX4 4Q L , United Kingdom

Abstract

Appressorium formation in germinating conidia of Magnaporthe grisea was induced on a hydrophilic (noninductive) surface by antifungal compounds. Respiratory inhibitors or un­ coupling agents such as strobilurins, antimycin A , myxothiazol, rotenone, pterulone A , and oligomycin A were particularly effective whereas sodium cyanide had no effect. Cyclosporin A was effective only at high concentrations. These differentiation-inducing effects were only observed at subfungicidal concentrations at which more than 50% of the germinating conidia formed appressoria. Cycloheximide, nystatin, amphotericin B, and papulacandin A did not induce appressoria. Different strains of M. grisea displayed the same overall response to the inhibitors, varying merely in the percentage of appressoria formed. A combination of the respiratory inhibitors with 2-phenyl-4H -1-benzopyran-4-one (flavone), diphenyleneiodonium (DPI), or salicylhydroxamic acid (SHAM), compounds which interfere with the cyanide-resistant respiration, resulted in a higher sensitivity of the strains towards the respiratory inhibitors, but had no effect on appressorium formation.

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A Journal of Biosciences: Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C (ZNC) is an international scientific journal for the emerging field of natural and natural-like products. ZNC publishes original research on the isolation, bio-chemical synthesis and bioactivities of natural products, their biochemistry, pharmacology, biotechnology, and biological activity and innovative developed computational methods for predicting their structure and/or function.

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