Viscum album L. has been used in the indigenous systems of medicine for treatment of headache and some inflammatory diseases. In order to evaluate this information, antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of the five flavonoids (5,7-dimethoxy naringenin or 4′,6′- dimethoxy chalcononaringenin) derivatives, isolated from the ethyl acetate fraction of the extract from V. album ssp. album, were investigated, namely 5,7-dimethoxy-flavanone-4′-O- β-ᴅ-glucopyranoside (1), 2′-hydroxy-4′,6′-dimethoxy-chalcone-4-O-β-ᴅ-glucopyranoside (2), 5,7-dimethoxy-flavanone-4′-O-[2″-O-(5‴-O-trans-cinnamoyl)-β-ᴅ-apiofuranosyl]-β-ᴅ-glucopyranoside (3), 2′-hydroxy-4′,6′-dimethoxy-chalcone-4-O-[2″-O-(5‴-O-trans-cinnamoyl)-β-ᴅ-apiofuranosyl]- β-ᴅ-glucopyranoside (4), 5,7-dimethoxy-flavanone-4′-O-[β-d-apiofuranosyl- (152)]-β-ᴅ-glucopyranoside (5). For the antinociceptive activity assessment the p-benzoquinone- induced writhing test and for the anti-inflammatory activity the carrageenan-induced hind paw edema model in mice were used. The ethyl acetate fraction in a dose of 250 mg/kg as well as compounds 2 and 5 in a 30 mg/kg dose were shown to possess remarkable antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities per os without inducing any apparent acute toxicity as well as gastric damage
A Journal of Biosciences: Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C (ZNC) is an international scientific journal for the emerging field of natural and natural-like products. ZNC publishes original research on the isolation, bio-chemical synthesis and bioactivities of natural products, their biochemistry, pharmacology, biotechnology, and biological activity and innovative developed computational methods for predicting their structure and/or function.