“They Promise Them Freedom”. Once again, the ψευδοδιδάσκλοι in 2 Peter

Thomas Scott Caulley 1
  • 1 Institut zur Erforschung des Urchristentums, Wilhelmstr. 100, D-72074 Tübingen.


Central to the discussion of 2 Peter's opponents is the descriptive phrase, “they promise them freedom” (λευθερίαν ατος παγγελλόμενοι, 2 Pet 2,19). This phrase is variously interpreted depending upon how the opponents are identified. In the past, certain positions vis-à-vis the opponents in 2 Peter have been overstated, and some data undervalued or overlooked. To more fully account for the evidence, this article proposes modifications to the prevailing opinions with a corresponding reinterpretation of the opponents' promise of freedom.

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