Surface-Induced Dissociation as a Probe for the Energetics and Structure of Lead Clusters

Fragmentation of lead cluster ions (PbN+: N = 2–20) in low-energy collisions with a highly oriented pyrolytic graphite surface has been investigated by means of a tandem time-of-flight mass spectrometer. At low incident energies, all clusters fragment dominantly by an atom loss process. This behavior is characteristic for clusters of metallic elements, but in contrast to SiN+, GeN+ and SnN+ clusters. The results therefore demonstrate differences in the electronic and geometric structure between lead clusters and the lighter group-14 element clusters. The low energy dissociation patterns were compared successfully with a recent theoretical study on lead cluster fragmentation, supporting the idea, that lead clusters cations already show signatures of metallic behavior unlike SiN+, GeN+ and SnN+ clusters of the same size.

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Founded in 1887, the Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie covers the main developments in physical chemistry, placing with an emphasis on experimental research. It represents a combination ofdiscusses reaction kinetics and spectroscopy, surface research and electrochemistry, thermodynamics and the structure analysis of matter in its various conditions, among other topics.