Die Politik der Sowjetischen Militäradministration in Deutschland (SMAD): Kultur, Wissenschaft und Bildung 1945-1949
Ziele, Methoden, Ergebnisse. Dokumente aus russischen Archiven
[The Policies of the Soviet Administration in Germany (SMAD): Culture, Science and Education 1945-1949 Goals, Methods, Results. Documents from the Russian Archives]
Ed. by Tschubarjan, Alexandr O. / Möller, Horst
Rev. by Koslow, Wladimir P. / Mironenko, Sergei W. / Weber, Hartmut / Foitzik, Jan / Timofejewa, Natalja P.
Series:Texte und Materialien zur Zeitgeschichte 15
Aims and Scope
This edition provides an introduction to the wide range of policies applied in the Soviet Occupation Zone (SBZ) with respect to the areas of culture, education and science. Carefully selected and translated documents shed light on the relationship between the occupational forces and the traditions and institutions of the emerging German Democratic Republic. It represents the initial result of a joint German-Russian research project on the history of the SMAD made possible by the recent release of the original sources in Russian archives. In the SBZ the SMAD was responsible for the entire cultural arena, including the surveillance of all media and news media, denazification and demilitarisation, as well the reestablishment of the educational system. Cultural policies were to be based on those of the Soviet Union, and schools and universities were to set about creating a new elite from the working and agricultural classes. The sources clearly show that the tendencies towards centralisation and enforced conformity in the cultural domain, which were to be a hallmark of the GDR until its break-up in 1989/90, emerged very early on. Also evident, however, is the extent of the opposition to these policies in the SBZ, which resulted in differences both within the occupation and German authorities. Also of note is the fact that the results of a large number of SMAD cultural policies existed only on paper. All in all the documents suggest that, contrary to popular belief, SMAD cultural policies were not homogenous in terms of aims, methods and results, and the only evidence of single-minded cultural and educational Sovietization of the SBZ is in the form of declarations of intent. The examined files were taken from a number of central Russian archives, primarily the State Archive of the Russian Federation, the accessible parts of the former Party Archive (now called the Russian State Archive for Social and Political History), and the Archive of the Foreign Ministry. The documents contained in this edition were translated into German and edited using archive copies of the original Russian documents. This representative selection covers the entire spectrum of SMAD cultural policies, and as a result of its publication, also those unable to understand the original Russian language edition of the documents and the copies of the SMAD files kept in the German State Archive in Berlin, will now be able to turn their attention to this period of pre-GDR history.