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Kibbe, Michael

Godly Fear or Ungodly Failure?

Hebrews 12 and the Sinai Theophanies

Series:Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft 216

    99,95 € / $140.00 / £91.00*

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    Publication Date:
    May 2016
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    Aims and Scope

    A cursory glance at Hebrews' critique of Israel's fear at Sinai in Heb 12:18-29 suggests that the author has misunderstood or manipulated his sources. In the Pentateuch, the appointment of Moses as Israel's mediator receives explicit approval (Exod 19:9; Deut 5:28), while Heb 12:25 labels their request for mediation a "refusal" to heed the word of God.This bookargues that Hebrews' use of the Sinai narratives resides on a complex trajectory established by four points: the Sinai covenant according to Exodus, the reenactment of that covenant according to Deuteronomy, the call for a NEW covenant according to Jeremiah, and the present reality of that covenant established by God and mediated by Jesus Christ.
    The basis for Hebrews' critique arises from its insight that while Israel's request established covenant-from-a-distance, Jesus demonstrates that true covenant mediation brings two parties into a single space. The purpose for Hebrews critique lies in its summons to Zion, the mountain on which Jesus sits at the right hand of God as the high priestly mediator of the new covenant.


    xii, 284 pages
    Type of Publication:
    Sinai; Zion; Hebrews; Moses
    Scholars of Biblical Studies and Theology.

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    Michael Kibbe, Moody Bible Institute-Spokane, Spokane, WA, USA.


    "Kibbe is to be commended for a well-written piece of scholarship that contains helpful insights into Hebrews."
    Gareth Lee Cockerill in: Journal of The Evangelical Theological Society (2018), 666-668

    "This study is interesting, well researched and well presented. Highly recommended."
    Svetlana Khobnya in: Journal for the Study of the New Testament 40.5 (2018), 99-100

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