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Bentz, Christian

Adaptive Languages

An Information-Theoretic Account of Linguistic Diversity

Series:Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs [TiLSM] 316

DE GRUYTER MOUTON

    99,95 € / $114.99 / £91.00*

    Hardcover
    Publication Date:
    June 2018
    ISBN
    978-3-11-055758-9
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    Overview

    Aims and Scope

    Languages carry information. To fulfil this purpose, they employ a multitude of coding strategies. This book explores a core property of linguistic coding – called lexical diversity. Parallel text corpora of overall more than 1800 texts written in more than 1200 languages are the basis for computational analyses. Different measures of lexical diversity are discussed and tested, and Shannon’s measure of uncertainty – the entropy – is chosen to assess differences in the distributions of words. To further explain this variation, a range of descriptive, explanatory, and grouping factors are considered in a series of statistical models. The first category includes writing systems, word-formation patterns, registers and styles. The second category includes population size, non-native speaker proportions and language status. Grouping factors further elicit whether the results extrapolate across – or are limited to – specific language families and areas. This account marries information-theoretic methods with a complex systems framework, illustrating how languages adapt to the varying needs of their users. It sheds light on the puzzling diversity of human languages in a quantitative, data driven and reproducible manner.

    Details

    23.0 x 15.5 cm
    xv, 218 pages
    DE GRUYTER MOUTON
    Language:
    English
    Type of Publication:
    Monograph
    Keyword(s):
    Word Entropy; Linguistic Adaptation; Language Change and Evolution; Quantitative Linguistic Typology

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    Christian Bentz, University of Tuebingen, Germany.

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