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Der „Berliner Antisemitismusstreit“ 1879-1881

Eine Kontroverse um die Zugehörigkeit der deutschen Juden zur Nation. Kommentierte Quellenedition.

[The 'Berlin Dispute on Anti-Semitism' 1879--1881. A Controversy over the German Jews' Affiliation to the Nation. Annotated Source Edition]

On behalf of Technische Universität Berlin

Rev. by Krieger, Karsten

DE GRUYTER SAUR

    339,00 € / $475.00 / £308.00*

    eBook (PDF)
    Publication Date:
    December 2011
    Copyright year:
    2004
    ISBN
    978-3-11-096021-1
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    Overview

    Aims and Scope

    Der „Berliner Antisemitismusstreit“ 1879 – 1881 is the most extensive source work on this core issue of research into anti-Semitism, still topical to this very day. It assembles all major texts, both published and unpublished. Special focus is paid to the wide range of social reactions to this controversy. In its dimensions comparable only to the ‘Dreyfus Affair’ in 19th century France, the ‘Anti-Semitism Dispute’ was waged on the recent legal emancipation of German Jews, the immigration of so-called ‘Eastern Jews’ and the accompanying fear of encroaching cultural foreignism. In the end, however, it was all about national identity. The dispute’s main protagonists were Heinrich von Treitschke, a Berlin-based professor of history, several well-known German-Jewish publicists and intellectuals, and the classical historian Theodor Mommsen. This collection of sources encompasses a total of 121 texts, including memoranda, articles, speeches, letters, commentaries etc., listed chronologically. Among the well-known individuals represented are Berthold Auerbach, Ludwig Bamberger, Harry Bresslau, Jacob Burckhardt, Hermann Cohen, Heinrich Graetz, Theodor Mommsen, Ludwig Philippson, Ludwig Quidde, Leopold von Ranke and Heinrich von Treitschke. In addition to the writings of the major protagonists, the edition also comprises commentaries by renowned newspapers and periodicals. This work is rounded off by a chronological table and an index of names, featuring biographical details. Much more than simply a local and temporary academic dispute, the ‘Dispute on anti-Semitism’ represented the battle for political leadership between conservatives and liberals. The attack on the Jews, who were generally identified with liberalism and the modern age, was also meant as a direct attack on the liberal parties. As a discourse on German identity and the question of whether Jews were part of the German nation, the ‘Dispute on anti-Semitism’ polarized the entire society. The ‘Allgemeine Zeitung des Judentums’ wrote, in retrospect: “ Probably no other writer was as useful to the anti-Semitic movement as Treitschke”. Years later, NS-propaganda adopted Treitschke’s perfidious cry, “Die Juden sind unser Unglück” (“The Jews are our misfortune”). Parallels in the manner of dealing with concepts of self and enemy, of what represented one’s own and what was ‘foreign’, can be traced right up to present times. The source edition Der „Berliner Antisemitismusstreit“ 1879 – 1881 shows the anti-Jewish agitation of the late 19th century and its far-reaching consequences in a new light. With this publication historical research on the politics and society of the German Empire, the intellectual roots of National Socialism and questions concerning the history of science, for example, acquire a significant and fundamental source work.

    Details

    23.0 x 15.5 cm
    2 vols., cplt. lii, 903 pages
    DE GRUYTER SAUR
    Language:
    German
    Type of Publication:
    Source Edition

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    Reviews

    "Eine große Dokumentation wirft neues Licht auf den Berliner Antisemitismusstreit." (Die Zeit, Hamburg, Nr. 45, 30. Oktober 2003)

    "...wird die Geschichtswissenschaft sehr von dieser Neuedition profitieren." (Neue Zürcher Zeitung, Zürich, Nr. 260, 8./9. November 2003)

    "Die neu im K. G. Saur Verlag erschienene Edition versammelt 121 Texte und dokumentiert damit diesen öffentlichen Streit in mustergültiger Breite und Differenziertheit." (Süddeutsche Zeitung, München, Nr. 69, 23. März 2004)

    "Es ist das Verdienst dieser Ausgabe, mit der Vielzahl neuer Quellen und der Vervollständigung bekannter Aussagen, den Berliner Antisemitismusstreit von 1879 nicht nur der Fachwelt neu zu vermitteln, sondern auch einer breiteren interessierten Leserschaft eine historische Kontextualisierung zu aktuellen politischen Debatten verschafft zu haben." (Politische Studien, München, Nov./Dez. 2004)

    "...ist Karsten Krieger insgesamt eine wichtige Edition gelungen, die zweifelsohne der Forschung zu diesem für die deutsche Geschichte so zentralen Themenkomplex eine fundierte Arbeit wesentlich erleichtert." (sehepunkte, München, Ausgabe 2, Februar 2004)

    "..., daß die vorliegende Quellensammlung nunmehr die gültige wissenschaftliche Edition zu diesem Thema darstellt..." (Bibliothek. Forschung und Praxis, München, Nr. 1, 2004)

    "...Kriegers Edition [zeugt] von Sammlerfleiß und Sachkenntnis und dürfte sich rasch als die maßgebliche Quellensammlung zum "Berliner Antisemitismusstreit" durchsetzen." (Historische Zeitschrift, München, Bd. 280, 2005)

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