Test Cover Image of:  From Agent to Spectator

From Agent to Spectator

Witnessing the Aftermath in Ancient Greek Epic and Tragedy

This book looks at witnesses to suffering and death in ancient Greek epic (Homer’s Iliad) and tragedy. Internal spectators abound in both genres, and have received due scholarly attention. The present monograph covers new ground by dealing with a specific subset of characters: those who are put in the position of spectator to (and, often, commentator on) their own deed(s). By their very nature, protagonists are confined to the role of witness to the suffering (or deaths) they have caused only for brief stretches of time — often a single scene or even just the length of a speech — but every instance is of central importance, not just to our understanding of the characters in question, but also to the articulation of fundamental themes within the poetic works under examination. As they shift from the status of agent to that of witness, these protagonists, qua spectators to the consequences of their actions, give voice to, dramatize, and enact the tragic motifs of human helplessness and mortal fallibility that lie at the core of Homeric epic and Greek tragedy and that define the human condition, in a manner that leads the audience looking on to ponder their own.

Author Information

Emily Allen-Hornblower, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, USA.


"In sum, Allen-Hornblower has produced a perceptive and cogent reading, one that takes on the fundamental problems of meaning produced by these texts."
Kirk Ormand in: Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2016.10.55

"The book offers much more than deep analyses of communication strategies among characters and between poets and their audiences; A.-H. provides detailed interpretations of stage practices such as the characters’ movements and gestures, use of props and asides, and the transmission of sensory impressions, making use of the traditional tools of classical scholarship, from close readings to notes on textual criticism. [...] All in all, however, this is a major contribution to our understanding of epic as well as tragedy."
Pura Nieto Hernández in: Gnomon 91.5 (2019), 385-390

From  $24.99
Add to Cart
Audience: All those interested in literary approaches to ancient Greek epic and tragedy.